In the ancient Round bind and bind the threads that make up the multicolored fabric of one of the most interesting cities in Andalusia. The landscape , urbanism , history, the romantic legend of bandits sounded name, place where born and bullfighters and artists who will always do, make a unique city of Ronda .
The chronic impressed literary authors who were captivated by this city can be traced from the earliest texts to today , Pliny, the poet-king of Seville - Motamid , al- Idrisi , Ibn al- Khatib , Vicente Espinel, Rilke , Juan Ramón Jimenez and Juan Goytisolo are some names from the long list of authors who have written eloquent pages left Ronda, where to say natural , it rains up and flying birds at the foot of which overlook the Tagus.
The City invites a foreign tour to haste, so that an assessment in detail the features of the old Arab medina , on the south bank of Guadalevin , still retains some of its walls , cross the new bridge and walk along the Alameda Tajo , stopping at corners and monumental works that open their doors to visitors , not to mention sustenance at one of the restaurants that offer a good selection of dishes from the cuisine of the Highlands.
The village is divided into three distinct areas together: the old city or Medina Arabic , from the historical point of view , is the most important , the neighborhood of San Francisco , separated by walls , and the Market , which is located across the Guadalevin .
For some , its origins date back to the Celts who named bástulos Arunda . The Romans were at Arunda and Acinipo (also known as Ronda La Vieja ) . Pliny and Ptolemy give us news Acinipo as one of the most important cities of Andalusia . It is noteworthy for its ruins the theater, one of the most important of Roman Spain . In Arunda the Romans built the castle of Laurus (or Laurel) and which had subsequently built the Moorish fortress .
After the dark Visigothic period , Ronda returned to have real importance under Muslim rule , Arunda becomes Ithna Rand Onda . From the eighth to the fifteenth century is going to be one of the most important fortresses of Andalusia. During the emirates of Al Mohamed ben Abdallah Mondhir and ( 886-912 ) became important in the Serrania de Ronda rebellion of muladíes - old Christian converts to the faith of the Koran , commanded by Omar Ben Hafsún , descendant of a wealthy family Visigoth . Omar established his stronghold in Bobastro - venue to be located with certainty but it is supposed to or near the Serrania de Ronda , and from there came to dominate a large swath of eastern Andalucia, having under his command populations as important as Archidona , Ecija Baena or Lucena. The domains and prestige among Muslims muladíes grew steadily until the defeat of Poley ( Aguilar) , 891 ; thereafter to Omar sought the alliance of the North African Arabs and Christians in the north of the Peninsula , finally turning to Christianity , which made him lose the confidence of many of his followers muladíes , although his death ( 916) was still on the ground of Bobastro. A drop Bobastro ( 928) , after the defeat of the sons of the first caliph Omar Abd Al - Rahman III , the town became part of the Caliphate of Córdoba. It disappeared the Caliphate of Córdoba, was the Taifa where reigned for a short period of time the family Berber Banu Ifrán ( children Ifrán ) in the late eleventh century it was annexed to the kingdom of Seville by Ibn al- Abbad , after the cruel execution of the taifa of Ronda rulers .
Already in the thirteenth century , the celebrated founder Abenamar - leader - Nazari Dynasty ceded to Morocco meriníes depending to 1439 North - African government , as of this date would integrate into the Moorish kingdom of Granada .
The Arab presence is clearly evident even in the face of the city of Ronda, perhaps the best preserved of all Andalusia.
After a long struggle was conquered by the Catholic Monarchs in 1485. Following stiff resistance from the Muslims, who came to not giving up but were defeated by the Christian troops , the city was divided between the Castilian nobility.
From 1449 decree of forced conversion of the Moors, a series of uprisings underway in the Highlands and Ronda becomes the hub from which you try to subdue the rebels. In 1571 the final expulsion of the Moors occurs, although for years pockets of resistance remained protected by the steep and rugged mountains.
In the eighteenth century , Ronda knows a remarkable economic boom . Built the famous New Bridge linking the city split by the river in 1751.
During the French invasion in the Serrania an active focus of resistance was formed. Upon his departure , the French destroyed part of the castle and other defenses of the city.
At the heart of the province of Málaga, the Sierra de las Nieves is paradise of contrasts , as well reveals the existence of the deepest gorge in Andalusia - LME - or reach their peaks reach 2,000 meters -La Torrecilla .
In Málaga and in the western portion of the Betic Cordilleras , is a clear example of karst modeling stress relief as the succession of elevations , pits, sinkholes, Polje , siphons , travertine , caves and potholes . Safely hidden in the Sierra de las Nieves labyrinth of caves and galleries more complex Andalucía : Sima Honda, Tinaja Cave , Sima Sima Air and Pay . Springs, and sulfur water baths Tolox , complete a scenario where sharp ridges that dominate the world's largest shelter peridotites outcrop , magmatic rocks rich in iron, magnesium and heavy metals in contact with air service to the green hue reddish brown and characterizing the Crown and Abanto hills.
What to do
The steepness of the terrain, magnificent panoramas that stretch down to the sea and a remarkable network of marked trails combine to offer an outstanding range of activities. Walkers , cyclists and mountaineers have several alternatives. Thus, the first fifteen have trails while the latter have a very interesting route that passes through the Port of Women. The Ascent to Torrecilla is the right choice for those who like mountain climbing . The trail network also allows bird watching or collecting mushrooms ( saffron milk cap mushroom, thistle and cagarria ) .
The relief , village chasms , canyons and pools , offers an ideal setting for the more active, being usual place to do caving or canyoning -La Rejía , Ravine and jumping Horcajuelos Virgin . Finally, companies in the area, taking advantage of old roads, trails and washes , often old byways of bandits , offer 4x4 and equestrian trails and water sports in the dam of La Concepción.
In the monumental scope is more business than inevitable Ronda , but so are their castles and watchtowers , such as Monda , El Burgo , Istan or Tolox, the germs of populations that currently dot the territory seasoning : Street tight, labyrinthine , white , showing his traces the historical moment in which they arose. Livestock, mountain agriculture , water culture and especially forestry work were the tasks that have allowed man to survive in such a rigorous territory; their remains everywhere dotting the protected area, are now a book that tells the story of the people everyday .
Declared historical- artistic interest in 1966 , this charming Andalusian city is located on a plateau in the mountains known as Tajo Gorge . Crossed by the New Bridge , the s . XVIII, is a unique viewpoint .
It is also famous its bullring , which contains inside a museum with an interesting collection of objects of famous bullfighters .
They are also attractions Almocábar Gate , the Arch of Philip V , the Churches of the Holy Spirit , Santa Maria and Father Jesus , City Hall, the Convention Mondragón and Marqués de Salvatierra , Houses of Giant and Rey Moro, Arab Baths, the Tajo Mills and Tanneries or Old Bridge .
Travels to discover the living legend of this city.
Source : Andalucia.ong