Located north of the Bay of Cadiz , the municipality is flat land and sea, in which we must highlight its extensive beaches and dune formations , plus the fish corrals , enclosures prepared for an ancient way of fishing and feature of the area.
The people, though it may have Phoenician origin was in the Muslim era and the Christian conquest when acquired character villa. In it we can find elements of interest include Castillo de Luna, the Church of Our Lady of O and the Chapel of San Juan Bautista .
With a total of eight units , Los Corrales de Rota was first declared Natural Monument in Andalucia under the environmental protection of this figure. Located on the North Atlantic coast of Cadiz , comprises a small strip of ocean and beach in front of the municipalities of Rota and Chipiona. These sea encroached plots represent a traditional and historical art of utilization of fishery resources.
The first pens date back to Roman times and testimonials recognize its continued operation until the early twentieth century 50 . Recently, the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Environment has approved the use of the Corral de San Clemente as the first step for the sustainable exploitation of the eight .
The fish weirs plots are bounded by low walls separating construction of artificial surface in different compartments , which are visible during periods of low tide. When the tide come fish , cuttlefish and octopuses , which are trapped in the cages of stone when it drops . At that time the capture was " collected " with traditional tools such as francajo , knife and tarraya tide .
Within its walls , built with sandstone and lumaquelas substrate , urchins , shrimp and crabs marisquean being famous oysters and barnacles . There are also rocky areas or species of mud and sand , such as algae, seagrass , fish, worms and molluscs . Even bream and eels , typical of deeper habitats , feed or spawn times. Behind the walls , a coastal reef appears with high species diversity , which then colonize the pens.
All this wealth sustains seabirds and waders Cadiz from other spaces , resting or feeding here .
In parallel, the area has an interesting offer in natural soil , which include resources such as unique dunes and pine forests, Celestino Mutis Botanical Garden , the largest national population of chameleon or housing linked to traditional agriculture littoral , named Mayetería ( nickname derived from harvested in May). The leisure offer is completed with the enjoyment of beaches and a visit by the great historical heritage of the town of Rota.
What to do.
Moon Castle dates from the thirteenth century and was built on a Muslim or eleventh century Ribat fortified convent . It is rectangular five crenellated towers.
The Ponce de Leon used the castle as a residence and is satisfied that the Catholic Kings visited the city by staying in it.
Moon Castle is a symbol for the people of Rota, the proof is its presence on the coat of the Villa . It has housed a hospital and school , and is currently the seat of the Municipality of Rota and its Tourist Board.
Travels to Discover the magnificent beaches of the Andalusian Atlantic.
Source : Andalucia.org
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