Among the foothills of Sierra Morena to the north and the Southern Highlands , the Guadalquivir flows , the old Betis , watering a rich and fertile valley. In its lower course , 70 miles from the sea the ancient city of Seville, capital of the autonomous community of Andalusia and of the largest and most populous province of Andalusia sits .
The coastal towns and cities are living testimony to its historical and cultural past. Sevilla emblematic city of universal fame, Arab, Jewish and Roman , also in its rivers, its river port , privileged destination of trade in the West Indies . His artistic and folkloric manifestations make it a privileged destination .
By the first millennium BC , coinciding with the Phoenician and Tartessian settlements , the origin of the city of Seville back . Their settlement at the confluence of river and land routes facilitated rapid economic growth of the valley and surrounding lands .
La Colonia Julia Romula Hispalis , founded by Julius Caesar, develops a spectacular commercial activity. Created important settlements throughout the territory , whose monumentality survives today. Arabs leave an indelible cultural and monumental mark on these lands . In the sixteenth century Seville experiencing a period of maximum splendor . Seville port goods to arrive from all over Europe and precious metals from the New World , which contribute to the development of Western Europe . Illustration with trade , agriculture and industry are reactivated . The 1992 Universal Exhibition spreads and magnifies , indeed, the name of Seville.
Sevilla is a mosaic of cultures that have their roots in the distant past . The great river Guadalquivir basin, Sierra Morena and the marshes of Doñana Natural Park , allow to offer visitors a scenic landscape of large wetland refuge for a variety of birds , walking mountain trails of lush Mediterranean vegetation, behold the bull grazing in pastures of century-old oaks , or lost in flatlands where alcores soft cozy villages and monumental cities are living testimony of a historical past of great splendor settle .
Game meats , pork products that grows in the meadows , rice fields and marshes of the Guadalquivir seafood on the Andalusian coast , are the raw material for a variety of cuisine , whose highest expression is the " tapas " . In villages, towns and cities of Seville geography there is ritual of visiting bars, taverns and " taverns " .
The gastronomic offer is completed with the soups , stews , traditional sweets and artisanal shortbreads in the region of Estepa .
Rio Tinto Protected Landscape , which covers the middle of the river and high sections , is unique in the world, both for its color and beauty for its exceptional environmental and historical conditions . Around the upper reaches of the largest mine site is located in the open in Europe, and it was exploited by tartesios and Romans.
All this activity has led to a long peculiar landscape , typical of another world. The river's name comes from its reddish ocher passing at the edges. These shades , from the dawn of history, are due to the high content of ferruginous salts and ferric sulfate which, together with the lack of oxygen , provide a very acidic pH. Characteristic structures , a result of cooling of the slag and mining waste are presented in the banks .
In the low riparian vegetation of riverbanks , given the sharp acidity of the medium , the so-called Heather out of the mines. It is an endangered species endangered , endemic to Huelva, which welcomes and sustains a necessary animal community .
Although it may seem that life under such conditions is not possible, these waters are home to a great diversity of microorganisms adapted to extreme habitats , many of them still uncatalogued , which feed only on minerals. So much so that the place is studied by the U.S. space agency NASA for these life forms , probably due to the similarity between their environmental conditions and that could be on Mars . Also, in the cavities and channels of mining enclaves , different varieties of bats nest .
But what will surprise the visitor , are the amount of infrastructure and dispersed elements associated with mining and feature a tough but very important historical, economic and social development of the region history. The short Peña del Hierro, belonging to the protected area, noted for its depth and multi-colored lake that is created in the background. In this regard , it is interesting to visit the Mining Museum and other equipment linked to this cultural tourism : House 21 , Mining Railway , etc. .
What to do
One of the old Jewish quarter of Seville.
Along with Triana , is one of the most popular and beloved neighborhoods of Seville . Its streets and squares have witnessed numerous historical events and has inspired poets, writers and musicians.
Along with Guadaíra River , is probably one of the most important signs of identity of the city . It is the historical germ of the population that is spreading from the inside over the centuries to shape the current boundaries of the urban case .
It is located on a promontory of sufficient height to visually dominate their environment, in the same place where before there were human settlements since the Bronze Age .
Its construction was carried out under Muslim rule in the twelfth and twelfth centuries , but after the reconquest by Fernando III is when you get your final configuration, performed major works until the late fifteenth and early sixteenth century .
In 1924 it was declared a Monument of Historical and Artistic Interest , and in 1985 received the classification as a Cultural .
The city occupies an impregnable plateau Carmona allowed the existence of a population center , unbroken from prehistory to the present day , which preserves abundant evidence of its past . Its strong urban look, perpetuated to the present, is the result of successive fortifications that conferred the city its central feature , being under Roman rule when it reaches its peak. Traces are everywhere being Córdoba Gate , the Puerta de Sevilla, the funerary enclosure and the Amphitheatre 's most unique events. Mining quarrying stones for construction, the potteries and the amphitheater dedicated to public spectacles : Outside the city walls a considerable section of the Roman necropolis with other own testimonies of the activity of an urban suburb is preserved.
The use of the Necropolis is around the I and II century. The most frequent ritual burial was cremation. Etc. The collective formed by an underground chamber , family character , is the most widespread type of burial in the Necropolis of Carmona. The Necropolis is one of the sites of the peninsula that retains as many paintings. Within the grounds there are two graves funeral noted for their spectacular , the Elephant Tomb and the Tomb of Servilia .
Visit type: Monument - Alcázar , Museums - Archaeology, Art , Monuments - Castle , Archaeological Museums - History, Other museum
Source : Andalucia.ong