Córdoba, the capital of Muslim Spain , is the head of a territory located in the center of Andalusia. The Guadalquivir , which stagnates in the middle course traverses the province from east to west and fertilizes a wide plain where fruiting cereal, grapes and olives .
To the north, the countryside curls and reaches the last peaks of the Sierra Morena, dense grove of intense hunting.
To the south, the countryside is gaining altitude up to the mountains of the SubAndalusian . On these lands the limestone extends olive and white villages and stately Baroque architecture carefully settle .
The mountainous landscape home to a varied fauna. The Cordoba province, which retains traces of Iberian , Roman and Muslim past is rich in traditions, has an impressive architectural heritage and its cuisine has experienced a boom , recovering a varied recipes of traditional cuisine .
From the Paleolithic , the province of Cordoba has been marked by the imprint of man. Oretanos tartésicos and possession of these lands and the exploitation of iron mines , lead and copper were played .
The Romans conquered fascinated by the beauty of its landscape and its fertile valley. In their presence the countless buildings testify walking the province. After the Muslim expansion in the Iberian peninsula , the territory of Al- Andalus Cordoba stands in the main focus of cultural and economic irradiation of medieval Europe .
With the independent Emirate by Rahman I established the Umayyad caliphate and Rahman III Córdoba live their full historical prominence . The teachings of great men -Seneca , Maimonides , Averroes ... - spread around the globe and the splendor Cordovan swing.
After the Christian conquest, the repopulation of the Guadalquivir valley by Carlos III and the social upheavals of the nineteenth century , the province embarks on a new historical course. Today , this privileged enclave boasts an Andalusian monumental heritage, able to captivate the most discerning traveler .
The Córdoba lands sde field extending between olive groves and vineyards bathed in the tributaries of the Guadalquivir river which crosses the province from one side to another and separates into two: the mountainous area of Sierra Morena and the flat countryside of the Guadalquivir . South is another area of lower etension but taller : the Subbéticas Serranías .
The typical of inland areas , Cordoba cuisine raw materials used by the products of hunting , their livestock and rich production hortofutícola their gardens .
Olive oil and the excellent wines of the countryside, are the essential complement to this hearty cuisine. The traveler can sample pots of beans, asparagus scrambled the cochifirto , lamb stew , the mountain crumbs and oxtail stew whose main ingredient comes from the bull.
The gazpacho is gazpacho and tempting dishes to ease the rigors of the warm summer season. The Cordoba restoration has also added to its culinary offerings , Mozarabic recipes like honey lamb dish worthy to be tasted in any season .
Subbéticas Sierras , emerged from the seabed during the Alpine folding , narrated in the footsteps of his story reveal the most beautiful land in their last 250 million years ... and man, labored to leave imprint , he has cast wedges green liquid gold.
The massif apparently stands as a gigantic and unassailable mole hill that lay siege to the plains of Priego and Alcaudete, the basin of Antequera and Cordoba countryside , but the water, by dissolving the limestone rock form, has been modeling reliefs at will creating peaks , ridges and canyons , such as Sierra Horconera ( Rute ) and Gallinera ( Carcabuey ); sinkholes - the Andalusian Hoyones the flock o - ; fertile as poljé navas de la Nava , grooves , furrows and ridges - lapiaz Lanchares - Los , and when water seeps into the bowels of the mountain, resulting in potholes - potholes and galleries Goat and Sierra Gallinera , caves Bats and Fraile , gorges and canyons as Bailon - river , and finally seeps and springs, as the splendid King in Priego and Goat river .
What to do
A white village , immaculate, speckled pots , labyrinthine streets , on the edge of a castle and under the mountain range is the image that we now offer the peoples of the SubAndalusian . But behind that image is an interesting relationship between man and his environment as well show this prehistoric culture in the Bat Cave ( Zuheros ) , fortified cities and watchtowers , a dedicated network or one of the villages best Andalusian baroque .
Perhaps the geological wealth one of the great attractions of this territory , recognizable by the practice of hiking, caving - making Bat Cave and Goat - Sima , abseiling or climbing - area and the Cruces River Canyon Bailon . But this space also offers other values of natural and ethnographic character , as a remarkable diversity of birds that can be spotted in the pine forest or trail Rute Las Buitreras . Fans of mountain biking on the Greenway have Subbética a former tight layout perfectly qualified to practice.
But we can not ignore other more interesting activities. Thus, the monumental job of cities like Priego , Cabra, Carcabuey or Zuheros, we have to add a vibrant than it can be an active participant Away crafts, as in the case of oil , cultural emblem of these mountains , cheese Zuheros or anise shortbread and Rute . On the outskirts are the "lake " of Iznajar , ideal for water sports and bird watching reservoir , or the neighboring village of Almedinilla, enclosing a negligible price: archaeological , ethnographic , culinary , natural, etc. .
The Mosque of Cordoba is the most important monument of the Islamic West and one of the most amazing in the world. In its history the complete evolution of the Umayyad style is summarized in Spain , in addition to the Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque styles of Christian construction .
The site now occupied by the Mosque of Cordoba seems to have been , since antiquity , dedicated to the worship of different deities. Under Visigoths built on this same site the Basilica of San Vicente, on which he built, after the payment of part of the site, the original mosque . This basilica , a rectangular plan was shared by Christians and Muslims for a while. When the Muslim population grew, the basilica was fully acquired by Abderrahman I and destroyed for the final construction of the first mosque Alhama or main city . At present some of the Visigoth building construction elements are integrated into the first section of Abderrahman I.
The Great Mosque of Cordoba consists of two distinct areas, the arcaded courtyard or sahn , where the minaret rises (in the Renaissance tower ), the only intervention Abd Al- Rahman III , and the prayer hall or haram. The interior is arranged on a concert bicolor columns and arches high chromatic effect. There are five areas in which the exhibition is divided , each corresponding to different extensions undertaken.
Travels to discover the most literate city of Andalusia.
Source : Andalucia.ong