The province of Jaén meets in its varied geography , the beauty of its natural landscape and monumental towns and cities that retain the memory of a glorious past alive.
Extensive and peaceful land where the olive covers the horizon. And among the olive trees and lush natural parks , impressive displays of Iberian art , churches , cathedrals, palaces and castles of Gothic , Renaissance and Baroque style . Jaén , land of good oil, dream paradise for those who embark on the south across Despenaperros .
The province of Jaén has had , since ancient times, an important historical role . Significant traces of the Phoenicians , Greeks and Carthaginians are preserved. The Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa in 1212 ended five centuries of Muslim rule.
The kingdom of Jaén becomes an important strategic enclave border with the kingdom of Granada . From the sixteenth century the province is experiencing a period of decline. In 1808 , regains its historical prominence defeating Napoleon in the Battle of Bailen .
After the Civil War , a deep depression occurs in the 60s and the industrial boom of Linares and La Carolina, represent a great economic boost for the province. Ubeda and Baeza their cultural strength and the booming industry of olive oil offer good prospects for development.
The orographic profile of the province of Jaén, in which regions of Campinas and soft terrain plains , hills and steep areas and steep hills alternating offers a landscape of outstanding natural beauty, where the olive grove occupies 2 /3 cropland .
In the mountain areas , rich and varied wildlife , Mediterranean vegetation shines in all its splendor.
Olive oil , rich and exquisite throughout the province , gives flavor and personality to this unique cuisine.
Salads as popular pipirrana satisfy the most demanding palate . Cod with potatoes or rags , meat from big and small game , lamb Sierra de Segura, the peculiar rinrán , are part of a cuisine that visitors can enjoy in towns and cities jennense geography.
Olive oil is also present in the bakery products like cakes of aniseed , the ochíos and Christmas sweets .
The stone Despenaperros , for Inhiesta and sharp wall, is threatening up to heaven resembling protect the treasures of her womb . Below , the waters flow slowly carving its mark.
To the north of the province of Jaén , for impregnable barrier gigantic quartzite rocks rise in Despenaperros cutting off between high Guadalquivir and Mancha plain . Water, spirited and always patient , has eroded these rocks unexplained creating paths where there never were . Thus the Despenaperros River and its tributaries , as Magana, have opened small traces that have been used as communication channel between Castile and Andalusia through Sierra Morena.
The most spectacular example of these great stone cliffs is found in the natural monument of bodies , very hard rocks that resemble large vertical pipes of an organ . Other examples along the transit route of the highway , are El Salto del Fraile and Las slides .
What to do
Oblivious to motorized bustle involving the A4 motorway , we can find a true paradise for hiking and cycling. Trails offered a protected space , the Cave of Dolls explores the historical legacy Iberian shrine - and Valdeazores Ravine offers outstanding botanical wealth and a privileged enclaves to observe wildlife : from the viewpoint of Collado Aviation can be spotted griffon vulture and golden eagle flying over the natural monument of Bodies .
It is also an area of interest , with the arrival of autumn and the first water , hear the rutting deer . But no doubt it is a space where you can learn in depth the schematic rock art - Cave Saint or cows Retamoso - Heritage , because the amount of resources present the possibility of visits binds guided with trained personnel. In this regard , it is interesting to the neighboring town of Aldeaquemada , the natural setting of the Cascade Cimbarra where a stunning natural landscape that shelters a remarkable number of the best art rock .
But this place is and has been road axis towards Mancha plain , hence we find even more interesting legacy linked with this change : the Roman road Empedraíllo , New Sale , eighteenth century building , the railway station of Santa Elena or Castro Ferral castles and Las Navas. It is interesting to know their villages , as Aliseda , which concentrated one of the leading resorts in the nineteenth century or Magana , more than outstanding ethnographic value. These same cliffs were the scene of military events of the first order , as the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa ( 1212 ) that now dominates a remarkable museum .
The Castle of Santa Catalina is extended and modified early after the Arab conquest of Fernando III trace. A short distance away a monumental cross that place said king sent into the city in the spring of 1246 rises.
It has great views and an annex Parador .
There is now a Tourist Interpretation Centre in the Castillo de Santa Catalina.
Today is only visited the indoor playground weapons and of course externally . You can not access the towers.
Travels to discover the quirky silver capital of Andalusia oxidental.
Source : Andalucia.ong